ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION: The Hmong Studies Resource Newsletter has for 5 years provided a very
unique and consistent source of up-to-date information about new works in Hmong Studies and
Hmong-related research resources. To access back issues of this online publication dating back to
2001 visit:

Comprehensive and frequently updated online subject bibliographies of Hmong Studies works are available at:


The work of the Hmong Resource Center is to provide information to Hmong and non-Hmong for the
purpose of promoting positive race relations, human rights, multicultural education, information about
cross-cultural health and medicine, teacher education, family literacy education and community-based
research. The Hmong Resource Center is fairly unique in that it is a Hmong community organization-
controlled collection with both a community and a scholarly focus. The collection is located in the Hmong
community, above a Hmong grocery, and in a building with a large number of Hmong businesses and
organizations, making it highly accessible to both members of the community as well as students and
scholars from the wider community who through visiting have the opportunity to experience the Hmong
community within a primarily Hmong environment that is physically part of the community adding an
important multicultural learning and participatory dimension that is not available on any college campus.

The Hmong Resource Center of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday
from 9 AM – 6 PM. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at
995 University Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. E-Mail: Online Resource Center Catalog: or Walk-ins are welcome and there are many displays to look at that teach about the
Hmong people, their history, their culture and their experience in the U.S. over the past 25 years. Larger
group tours and educational sessions may be arranged in advance.



D.C. Everest School District. (2005). Hmong in the Modern World. Weston, WI: D.C. Everest School
This work features oral interviews and photographs in which Hmong-American teens residing in
Wisconsin describe what it is like to balance the Hmong culture and identity with the expectations of the
mainstream American culture. More information about this new book and previous Hmong oral histories published
by the school district is available at the following link:

Hmong Resettlement Task Force. (2005). Hmong Resettlement Task Force Report to Governor Doyle.
Madison: Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development.
This report from a state commissioned task
force in Wisconsin provides recommendations of services that should be provided by government and community
agencies to meet the needs of Hmong refugees in Wisconsin being resettled from Wat Tham Krabok in Thailand.
The report focuses upon the realms of education, employment, housing and transportation, health and dental
care, family strengthening and mental health. This report may be accessed at the following link in PDF format:

Rebecca Lynn Katz. (2005). Yellow rain revisited: Lessons learned for the investigation of chemical
and biological weapons allegations (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Afghanistan, Russia). PhD Dissertation,
Princeton University.
To evaluate the possible past use of chemical weapons, the author used a new body of
United States government documents not previously released to the public, open source data and interviews
conducted with people associated with previous investigations. The author analyzed these data through a
methodology she developed for weighing evidence in a chemical and biological weapons investigation. Following
her analysis the author concludes that there appeared to be sufficient information from a variety of sources to
make a confident assessment that a chemical or toxin agent was used against the Hmong in Laos, the Khmer
Rouge in Cambodia and Mujahidin in Afghanistan.

Mary Rack. (2005). Ethnic Distinctions, Local Meanings: Negotiating Cultural Identities in China. Ann
Arbor, MI: Pluto Press.
Focusing on a rural area of southern China, the author assesses how so-called ethnic
minority cultural events have become avenues for the exploration of personal identity by urban elites. The author
argues that, historically, ethnic classifications were developed as a result of the elite’s desire to prove the
existence of their contrasting homogeneous and superior civilization. On a broader scale, the work critiques the
ways many Western anthropologists use studies of ethnicity to ‘interpret’ local cultures. Majority-Minority relations
between Han Chinese “urban elites” and members of ethnic cultural subgroups belonging to the Miao Nationality in
China (including Hmong) residing in West Hunan are the focus of much of the work.

Zha Blong Xiong and Jesse Kao Lee. (2005). Hmong Early Childhood Education Needs Assessment.
Saint Paul: Ready 4 K.
This report provides the results of a needs assessment conducted among Hmong parents
in Minnesota to determine the current standing of Hmong children and family and how they are preparing their
children for school. 304 adult Hmong participants were interviewed for the assessment in March and April 2005.
The report concludes with recommendations of programming and outreach efforts that will help Hmong families
better prepare their children to start kindergarten. This report may be viewed online at:{D73D5170-DE1F-4C71-8229-FCDE16962AFB}&DE=

Academic Journal Articles/Other

Jennifer L. Dodge, Paul K. Mills and Richard C. Yang. (2005). “Nasopharyngeal cancer in the California
Hmong, 1988–2000.”  Oral Oncology 41(6): 596-601.
 Although previous studies document elevated
nasopharyngeal cancer incidence in the American Hmong, a descriptive analysis was lacking. This case-series
study was intended to identify important features of head and neck cancers in the California Hmong, specifically
nasopharyngeal cancer. The authors assessed incident head and neck cancers identified by the California
Cancer Registry from 1988–2000 for incidence, mortality and descriptive comparisons between the Hmong, non-
Hispanic Whites (NHW) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (API). Nasopharyngeal cancer was the most frequent Hmong
cancer (39 of 51 cases) with incidence 23 times greater than in NHW. Nasopharyngeal cancer mortality rates for
Hmong, NHW and API were 10.4, 0.2 and 1.7/100,000 respectively. Hmong were more likely to be diagnosed with
remote tumors and less likely to receive treatment. The authors conclude that a public health disparity clearly
exists regarding nasopharyngeal cancer in the Hmong. Education on culturally appropriate healthcare and efforts
to encourage diagnosis and treatment are necessary to reduce this disparity.

Candice C. Wong, Vangleng Mouanoutoua, Chen Meng-Jinn, Kelsey Gray and Winston Tseng. (2005).
“Adherence with Hypertension Care Among Hmong-Americans.” Journal of Community Health Nursing.
22(3): 143-156.
To assess contexts of adherence with hypertension care among Hmong-Americans, the authors
conducted in-person interviews with a convenience sample of 323 Hmong adults in California using culturally
adapted survey instruments. Over 50% of respondents reported nonadherence with hypertension care.
Respondents who were 50 years of age or older, had no physical illness, did not know that hypertension was
preventable, or believed that American medicine was too strong, were more likely to report nonadherence with
proper medication consumption. The authors’ findings suggest that adherence was not due to lack of health care
coverage; but instead may be due to gaps in health services.


The Hmong Resource Center has partnered with Craig Rice to provide up-to-date content related to
community educational events, Hmong resources and Hmong Studies for the WWW Hmong Homepage.
Craig Rice co-founded the WWW Hmong Homepage in early 1994. The website was one of the first to
provide substantive educational resources related to Hmong-Americans and Hmong around the world.
The WWW Hmong Homepage is still one of the most heavily visited and linked educational websites
related to the Hmong. To view the relaunched WWW Hmong Homepage visit:


The Hmong Resource Center of the Hmong Cultural Center has published the online edition of volume
6 of the Hmong Studies Journal. An internet-based journal, The Hmong Studies Journal is the only
peer-reviewed academic publication devoted to the scholarly discussion of Hmong history, Hmong
culture, Hmong people, and other facets of the Hmong experience in the U.S., Asia and around the
world. The Hmong Studies Journal has now published 8 online issues in 6 volumes with a total of 40
scholarly articles since 1996.

Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD editor of the Hmong Studies Journal and director of the Hmong Resource Center
Library in Saint Paul stated: “Volume 6 brings the Hmong Studies Journal to a new level. Never before
in the journal’s 9 year history has the publication been able to feature in a single volume articles from
so many scholars on such a range of important issues in the cross-disciplinary field of Hmong Studies.
The articles in Volume 6 address pressing matters in contemporary Hmong Studies research including
confusion over the size of the Hmong population in China, glaring historical inaccuracies about the
Hmong that have been passed along in recent works of popular literature, the undercount of Hmong in
the American census and the adaptation of smaller Hmong populations in diaspora communities such
as that residing in French Guiana.” Pfeifer concludes: “Volume 6 of the journal includes a well-
balanced set of articles that provide important additions to both Hmong-American research and the
larger body of academic work being done related to Hmong in Asia and across the diaspora.”   

Hmong Studies Journal Volume 6 will also be available in a special print edition in the Fall of 2005. In
addition to the 11 newly published scholarly articles, the print edition will include additional Hmong
Studies bibliographic content.


1. "Who is Hmong? Questions and Evidence from the U.S. Census" by Wayne Carroll and Victoria
Udalova, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire.
Link to View:

2. "Hmong and Lao Refugee Women: Reflections of a Hmong-American Woman Anthropologist" by
Dia Cha, Saint Cloud State University.
Link to View:

3. “Hmong Resettlement in French Guiana" by Patrick F. Clarkin, University of Massachusetts, Boston
Link to View:

4. "The Myth of Sonom, the Hmong King" by Robert Entenmann, Saint Olaf College
Link to View:

5. "Hmong Cosmology: Proposed Model, Preliminary Insights" by Vincent K. Her, University of
Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Link to View:

6. "The Shaping of Traditions: Agriculture and Hmong Society" by Gary Yia Lee
Link to View:

7. "What is the actual number of the (H)mong in the World" by Jacques Lemoine
Link to View:

8. "Hmong Refugee’s Death Fugue" by Sheng-mei Ma, Michigan State University
Link to View:

9. "Continuing the promise: Recruiting and preparing Hmong-American educators for Central
Wisconsin" by Leslie McClain-Ruelle, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point and Kao Xiong,
University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Link to View:

10. "Southeast Asian Fathers’ Experiences with Adolescents: Challenges and Change" by Zha Blong
Xiong and Daniel F. Detzner, University of Minnesota.
Link to View:

11. "Research Notes from the Field: Tracing the Path of the Ancestors – A Visit to the Hmong in
China" by Kou Yang, California State University, Stanislaus.
Link to View:

The Hmong Studies Journal is currently accepting submissions for Volume 7, the deadline for
submissions is January 15, 2006.
Please visit this link for submission guidelines and additional


In the past year the Hmong Resource Center of the Hmong Cultural Center has published four unique
scholarly publications – An Annotated Bibliography of Hmong-Related Works 1996-2004, Hmong
2000 Census Publication in collaboration with Hmong National Development and several scholars of
Hmong-American Studies and two issues of the Hmong Studies Journal.

Click this link for further information about these publications as well as ordering info


A new moderated message board intended as a forum for information about existing and new
research resources in Hmong Studies is available at:


Hmong Cultural Center’s Hmong Resource Center has launched a new multicultural education website: The new Learn about Hmong website uses online video clips and other
multimedia technologies to teach about the Hmong people, and promote a better understanding of the
Hmong people and their experience in Minnesota and the United States.

In the past few months,  additional substantive content has been added to the LearnaboutHmong
website, the new features include:  

A revised and expanded version of the center's Hmong 101 presentation

A presentation of General interest printed and online resources pertaining to the Hmong

A presentation with pictures and descriptive information about more than 50 traditional Hmong cultural artifacts

A photo essay of Hmong community life in Minnesota

New video clips of Hmong Qeej, marriage and funeral songs as well as the recent 2005 4th of July  Sports
Tournament in Minnesota has been made possible by a grant from the 3M/COMPAS Award for
Innovation in the Arts Program and the Asian Pacific Endowment of the Saint Paul Foundation.

CALL  FOR PAPERS/PRESENTATIONS//Building on Hmong Women’s Assets:
Past, Present, and Future Conference” September 16-17, 2005, St.
Paul/Minneapolis, MN

A conference sponsored by the Hmong Women’s Conference Committee to examine the lives of
Hmong women.  Co-Sponsors include: Hmong Cultural Center/Resource Center: Women’s
Consortium of MN; Center for Hmong Studies/Concordia University,  Departments/Programs at the
University of MN: Asian American Studies Program, Office for University Women, Institute for
Advanced Study, Multicultural Center for Academic Excellence, and Department of
American Studies.
For more information about this unique conference click here.